Alfred Watkins is Founder and Chairman of the Global Solutions Summit which promotes the large-scale deployment of financially sustainable and disruptive technological solutions to implement the SDGs in emerging markets. Prior to founding the Global Solutions Summit, he worked for more than 23 years at the World Bank where, in addition to work in other regions, he led science, technology, and innovation capacity-building programs in Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, and Latvia. He is the author of From Knowledge to Wealth: Transforming Russian Science and Technology for a Modern Knowledge Economy (World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2974).


Science & Diplomacy gathered four perspectives of U.S. scientists and former diplomats who have spent several decades involved in scientific collaboration with the USSR, Russia, Ukraine, and post-Soviet states.