Robert J. Swap is currently Associate Division Director for Mission Planning in the Earth Sciences, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, and Extraordinary Professor in Environmental Sciences and Management, Potchefstroom Campus, North West University, South Africa.

In the Field

Based on lessons learned over nearly 35 years of experience with international partnerships and science diplomacy, the author argues in favor of starting science diplomacy training earlier in a student’s career. 


By being flexible, parsimonious, and open, SAFARI 2000 became a transformational network that fostered equal partnerships among countries, even though the countries had varying levels of resources.