The Argentinian government has leveraged scientific cooperation to increase efficiency and innovation. Argentina's approaches may work well for other Latin American countries.
Japan recognizes its link to the environmental changes occurring in the Arctic. Development of a national Arctic policy with a strong science and technology foundation is helping Japan successfully engage in Arctic issues.
Interviews with National Science Foundation grantees involved in international collaborations demonstrate that many scientists already view themselves as science diplomats, although they do so in an informal and unintentional way.
The vast biodiversity and range of ecosystems in Central Asia makes the region a high priority for global conservation efforts, thus positioning the U.S. Forest Service to contribute to U.S. foreign policy goals via conservation diplomacy.