The Chemical Weapons Convention's implementing body, the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, and its Scientific Advisory Board illustrate the relationship between science and disarmament.
The 123 Agreement recently re-signed by the United States and South Korea allows for continued nuclear cooperation and includes increased freedom for South Korea to expand its nuclear operations with implications for future nonproliferation efforts.
Institutions are adapting to the increasing influence of science and technology on international relationships.
Today’s global challenges and opportunities require an international, multi-sectoral approach, and the Science and Technology in Society (STS) forum is one venue for leaders and experts to meet to develop science and technology for the benefit of all people.
Web-based analytics, such as information from social media sources, is one new tool that is needed to complement traditional monitoring methods to help support future arms control treaties and other security agreements.
International stability in the Arctic has yet to be globally recognized and a process of ongoing and inclusive dialogue about Arctic issues, which are linked to sustainable development, is needed to promote cooperation and peace.
The UK government’s response to the March 2011 nuclear accident in Japan relied on scientific advice and communication, and it demonstrated the central role of science advisory systems and benefited the broader bilateral relationship.
North Korea will need international scientific expertise to identify and conserve important species that are vital to a sustainable future and therefore peace on the peninsula.
Japan must incorporate science diplomacy into its foreign policy strategy if it is to rebuild important relations with key countries and remain a global player in science and technology.