European Union


ITER: International Fusion Energy Science and Diplomacy – Realized

By Todd K. Harding - 10/12/2022

S&D’s 10th Anniversary is also an exciting time for ITER, with many of its goals coming to fruition. Todd K. Harding explores how this scientific facility overcame barriers and now serves as a great example of international cooperation.


Rebuilding Trust: An interview with Ambassador Étienne, France’s Ambassador to the United States


The Ambassador of France to the U.S., Ambassador Philippe Étienne spoke with Science & Diplomacy on France’s vision of the nexus between science and diplomacy. This is the eighth interview of the Ambassador Interview Series.


Quantum Diplomacy: Rebalancing the Power Dynamic through Emerging Technologies

By André Xuereb - 02/10/2022

André Xuereb, Ph.D., the Maltese Ambassador for Digital Affairs makes the case on how small countries like Malta can employ science diplomacy to become leaders in quantum information technologies. 


Science Diplomacy in Action: European Collaboration and US Participation in Research Infrastructures

By Maria Moskovko and Albert H. Teich - 06/28/2020

This paper takes a close look at five European research infrastructures with strategic importance in which the United States is a participant.


Does Science Diplomacy Work in Highly Competitive Technology Areas? An Analysis of the EU’s S&T Cooperation with China in the Field of Solar Photovoltaics

By Daniel Gehrt - 12/23/2019

Analysing S&T cooperation between the EU and China in the field of solar PV, the article concludes that the concept of science diplomacy is difficult to pursue in a relatively mature technological domain, with clear commercial interests at stake.


Preventing a Cold War in Space Using European Research and Innovation Programs

As the world moves to a militarized space, the European Union may have the tools to assist in the establishment of confidence building measures between China, Russia, and the United States in the domain of space.


Science Diplomacy in the European Union

By Carlos Moedas - 03/29/2016

Science diplomacy is becoming an increasingly visible part of the European Union's foreign policy, and it has evolved beyond science for continental strength to science for global hope. 


Facilitating EU-Russian Scientific and Societal Engagement

The European Union and Russia are working together to identify and solve shared societal challenges through scientific collaborations, even during times of political tension.


Iran’s Flourishing Regional Influence

By Shabnam Mirsaeedi-Glossner - 07/15/2013

Iran’s electricity exports, untouched by European and U.S. sanctions, serve as an alternative outlet for Iran’s extensive natural gas reserves and also support Iran's aspirations of long-term regional influence.


Progress without Peace

By Rory Miller - 04/15/2013

The EU can play a more significant role in the diplomacy of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict through more focused, intensive, and extensive support for S&T projects in the Palestinian private sector.

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