Canada can play an important global role as a knowledge broker, which requires a foreign policy that draws from the nation's international scientific reputation and uses knowledge and technology to address global challenges.
The U.S. should better leverage its science diplomacy to address domestic priorities such as in urban environments; improved coordination between domestically focused agencies is needed to align international cooperation with domestic missions.
For small countries with advanced S&T capacity, science diplomacy has a different focus from larger nations. It is essential in projecting New Zealand’s profile and leveraging limited resources.
Science is taking an even more prominent role in how the U.S. Department of State builds and manages international relationships.